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Back to Bataan, The Philippines’ Last Stand | The Millennium Trumpet

Back to Bataan, The Philippines’ Last Stand

Seventy-seven years after World War II left indelible scars in hearts of thousands of Filipino families, we return to the lands where our ancestors took their last stand in defense of the country. All roads lead to historic Bataan province this April.

The nation celebrates Philippine Veterans Week on April 5 to 11 pursuant to Proclamation No. 466, s. 1989, rekindling our memory again of the gallantry of Filipino war veterans during the invasion of Japanese forces from late 1941 to 1945. Almost eight decades later, the definition of freedom is as indescribable as the horrors our forerunners bore; we are facing at present the new wars—poverty, climate change, water crisis, geopolitical tension.

Fragile war veterans with their families will once again step on the battlefield, that is Bataan, and scale the steep slope going to Mount Samat National Shrine for the annual commemoration of Araw ng Kagitingan on April 9. The mountaintop shrine that features a towering cross honors the lives of about 76,000 soldiers, of whom approximately were 66,000 Filipinos and 10,000 Americans, who endured the Bataan Death March. Yearly, military officers and sports buffs retrace the grueling 140-kilometer march from Bataan to Pampanga and Tarlac provinces in a freedom trail.

At present, only about 5,000 World War II veterans are surviving and their number is fast dwindling. Due to deteriorating health brought by aging, an average of 295 WWII veterans die every month. The Philippine Veterans Affairs Office (PVAO) has been providing support for their welfare and to their families. PVAO is managing the pension accounts of nearly 160,000 living veterans of WWII, Korean and Vietnam wars, and the dependents of deceased or totally disabled veterans.

According to PVAO, the observance of Philippine Veterans Week and the 77th Araw ng Kagitingan, anchored on the theme Sakripisyo ng Beterano ay Gunitain, Gawing Tanglaw ng Kabataan Tungo sa Kaunlaran, preserves the principles and deeds of war heroes as it fosters patriotism especially among the youth. 

“[April 9] of every year is designated by Executive Order No. 203, s. 1986 as Araw ng Kagitingan (Day of Valor), to honor the Filipino men and women who served and defended the Philippines during war and peacetime,” PVAO said in a statement.

“This national observance aims to revive the principles of kagitingan or the culture of heroism and love for country, strengthen the Filipino people’s collective sense of national pride and patriotism, and inspire the youth who will eventually take on the mantle of being our future defenders and leaders, imbibing the valor and ideals of our veterans as their guiding principles,” it added.

PVAO is inviting Filipinos to join in the activities. The Philippine Veterans Week kicks off with the Sunrise Ceremony on April 5 at Libingan ng mga Bayani, Fort Bonifacio, Taguig City; followed by the Review in Honor of the Veterans at Hunters ROTC Guerilla Field, Philippine Army Headquarters, Fort Bonifacio.

The Tribute to All Filipino Heroes is slated on April 7 at Corregidor Island, Cavite; the Araw ng Kagitingan on April 9 at Mt. Samat National Shrine, Pilar, Bataan; the Paggunita sa Capas on April 10 at Capas National Shrine, Tarlac; and the week concludes with the Sunset Ceremony on April 11 at Libingan ng mga Bayani.

“The purpose of history is to learn from it. A nation ignorant of its past after all, will never truly progress. This is the very reason events and commemorations such as these are celebrated, especially on a national level, in order to emphasize the role and efforts of our veterans in contributing to the freedom and democracy our nation enjoys today,” PVAO said.

Seventy-seven years after the war, we champion the war veterans and their life stories that teach us the consummate value of patriotism to the tune of our national anthem’s evocative last line. Today, the Filipino brand of courage is again at test with the many silent and loud battles each of us are confronting. We go back to Bataan, the last stand, and see how it has risen; akin to the ordinary Juan and Juana who just need to look back to see the future.

Author’s note: For more information about the activities, visit pvao.gov.ph or its Facebook account at Philippine Veterans Affairs Office.

“This national observance aims to revive the principles of
kagitingan or the culture of heroism and love for
country…and inspire the youth who will eventually take on
the mantle of being our future defenders and leaders.”
“The purpose of history is to learn from it. A nation
ignorant of its past after all, will never truly progress.”

Leading the annual Araw ng Kagitingan rites in Bataan, President Duterte has
signed Republic Act No. 11164 increasing the pension of war veterans from
Php5,000 to Php20,000. (PVAO photo)
In the Tribute to All Filipino Heroes rites held every April 7, veterans and their
families lay a wreath of flower in the Filipino Heroes Memorial at Corregidor Island,
Cavite which also served as one of the last bastions of Philippine defense against
Japan. (PVAO photo)
The Philippine Veterans Week concludes with the Sunset Ceremony held at Libingan
ng mga Bayani, Fort Bonifacio, Taguig City. (PVAO photo)
U.S. Ambassador to the Philippines Sung Kim presents the U.S. Congressional Gold
Medal to Pvt. Guanzon, a World War II veteran at the U.S. Embassy in the
Philippines. 13 Filipino World War II Veterans received in 2018 the bronze replicas
of the Congressional Gold Medal, the US Congress’ highest civilian honor. (PVAO
photo)
Families of war veterans remember our heroes during the Philippine Veterans Week
concluding rites, the Sunset Ceremony to be held on April 11 at Libingan ng mga
Bayani, Taguig City. (PVAO photo)

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